CHILD PROTECTION
In Allegheny County and a growing number of other jurisdictions, authorities are using a predictive model to help inform their response to hotline calls regarding possible child maltreatment. Key readings to review for this case:

Can an Algorithm Tell When Kids Are in Danger? Dan Hurley, NY Times, Jan 2 2018 
Developing Predictive Risk Models to Support Child Maltreatment Hotline Screening Decisions
, extensive information published by Alllegheny County Department of Human Services

PRETRIAL RISK ASSESSMENT TOOLS
Across the country, courts are algorithms that evaluate accused people before trial, forecasting the likelihood of future rearrest and missed court appointments. Key reading to review for this case:

Pretrial Risk Assessment Tools: A Primer for Judges, Prosecutors, and Defense Attorneys (2019)

BOSTON SCHOOL START TIMES
In Boston, advisors built an algorithm to suggest new school bus routes and starting times, balancing a range of goals. The new system sparked a wide-ranging discussion of the connections among algorithms, policymaking, and politics. Key readings to review for this case:

Computers can solve your problem. You may not like the answer, David Scharfenberg, Boston Globe, Sept 21 2018.
School busing is hard. Lowell eyes algorithm for help. Elizabeth Dobbins, Lowell Sun, Feb 25 2019.
The Challenge of Equitable Algorithmic Change, Ellen P. Goodman, Regulatory Review 2019

SEPSIS
Physicians and engineers at Duke University Hospital are using a new algorithm to assess possible future cases of sepsis, a life-threatening infection. Key readings to review for this case:

Hospitals Roll Out AI Systems to Keep Patients from Dying of Sepsis, Eliza Strickland, IEEE Spectrum, Nov. 2018
If a Machine Could Predict Your Death, Should It? Zaid Obermeyer
The Stakes of Uncertainty: Developing and Integrating Machine Learning in Clinical Care, MC Elish (Feb 2019)